- ORIGIN AND
DEPOSITS OF THE BALTIC AMBER
main deposits of the Baltic amber are not in the former
amber forests where resins had formed and got in the soil.
At present it is supposed that amber forests had existed
gore 15-20 million years in Fen Scandia and maybe in the
middle and the north part of the Baltic Sea.
In the Eocene period amber
forests were overflowed, by the tertiary period mowing
from the West. The main part of amber was washed out from
the soil of those forests and brought together into Eocene
and Oligocene sediments - settlings of the south coast of
the sea, from the Sambian peninsula to Chlopov near
Dancing (Gdansk). In these deposits the so-called “blue
soil” (clayey sand with glaucomatous admixtures) was so
much filled with amber that it that been mind here for
more than 100 years. These are famous amber mines near
Palmnicken (today Yantarny) in Russia. The thickness of
the stratum of the blue soil is about 7-8 meters, and
there are approximately 2,5 kg of amber in one cubic
meter. Primary deposits were totally and secondary partly
destroyed. At present the Baltic amber can be found from
England in the West to Ukraine in the East, south Sweden
and south Finland in the North.