AMBER

BALTIC AMBER AND OTHER FOSSIL AND RECENT RESIN
The Baltic amber, succinct, is the most unwell-known, but not the only sort of resin that has endured from former times. Today more that 150 sorts of fossil; resin are known: different vegetable chemical characteristics, curves of infrared rays, mass spectrum, etc.
Drops of the ambers. Photo from the book A. Katinas "Baltijos gintaras". V., 1983Besides the Baltic amber, more than 50 sorts of other fossil resin are found in Europe. Some of them - in small quantities, together with succinct. They are of great value for investigating amber forests from Paleontologist and ecologic aspects.
For the first time glesite was found together with succinct in the Sambian peninsula. It also accurse quite usually in Saxon-Lausitz deposits of col.
Rumenite was found in the Oligocene strata of the east Carpathians and Roumania. As a raw material for decorations rumenite has less amber acid and oxygen, it is more hard and solvent - resistant.
Simetite is a fossil resin from red to yellow chide found in Sicily. This tertiary resin is, most probably, formed of deciduous trees.
Aykaite is a yellow on reddish fossil resin in the late cretaceous period strata (80-90 m years) near Ayka - 120 km to south-west from Budapest. There are many important resin outputs in Siberia, in the Near East Asia, Lebanon, Geologically they are the oldest outputs in the early cretaceous period (130-135 m years) and in the middle of the Jurassic period (approximately 160 m years).
Retinite is found in the Taimyr peninsula and the Yakut. Its geological age is that of the creataceous period (80-100 m years).
Burmite is found in the upper Burma, in soft allay of the Tertiary (Eocene) period. For hundreds of years it bad been used in adorn mint production. There are no inclusions of flora in burmite - Oligocene - amber of the late Miocene period, the so called Dominica amber - is found in Amerika, the Dominican republic. By its quality and quantity, particular colorfulness, lots of inclusions bur mite is similar to the Baltic amber. This is resin of leat - bearing trees - hymeneal courbaril and hymeneal protera.
East and West Africa and East Asia are known for large quantities of copals. Copal is a retention sub fossil natural resin of vegetable origin. Its age varies from some decades to some millenniums. Copal is limpid, colorless or light yellow. The most valuable are the hardest copal (the African Zanzibar copal, the Mosambique copal). They are used for the production of various varnish and dragon oil.
  

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