industry emerged in Palanga in the 19th century.
Before World War I, Germany was the biggest
producer of amber objects in Europe with 33 % of
the market, next came Russia with 30 %, Austria,
24 %, France, 4 %, Turkey, 2 % and the remaining
7% were produced elsewhere. As Lithuania was
under the Russian Empire, Lithuanian part of
amber production was included into Russian
output. However, it is known that amber
craftsmen of Palanga were champions of the
entire Russian Empire, processing yearly 20,000
kg of raw amber. In the period before World War
I there were from 300 to 500 artisans
specializing in amber jewellery and artefacts.
Part of the amber-crafting industry was owned by
Count Tiškevičius. The produce that came out
from Palanga’s shops sold well on the
international market and ably competed with
German amber products.
established itself as the most influential
centre of amber crafting, yet the trade was also
widely spread in Klaipėda and Kretinga too,
while individual crafstamen engaged in the skill
across Lithuania. Of note are larger shops of
the period as Taner and Fridmann company in
Klaipėda (employed 20-30 artisans), in Palanga,
J. Reinus’s company with 80 craftsmen, ‘S.
Gutmann’s inheritors E.&L.Gutmann’, with 10-15
people and “Brothers M.&G. Kan”, employing from
10 to 20 craftsmen. Smaller shops employed from
five to ten people. However, a shop of fewer
than four craftsmen did not rank as an amber
processing company, and consequently, was not
accounted as such.
interwar period, amber shops specialised in
producing all kinds of amber jewellery like
brooches, bead strings, bracelets, cuff links,
as well as objects like cigarette holders,
penholders and ink-pots. Metal jewellery, wooden
caskets, furniture and other artefacts were
inlaid with amber. Jewellery pieces appeared
predominantly in classical shapes, strings came
in different length; brooches were made of
polished amber, bracelets of cut and polished
amber plates. Amber jewellery was in great
demand in Lithuania. Amber ornaments were
indispensable part of every Lithuanian woman’s
outfit even though they fetched quite a price.
From 60 to 70 % of Lithuanian amber production
was absorbed by the local market. The Great
Depression of the 1930s resulted also in the
downtown of Lithuanian amber production and
(Prepared on the
basis the article: Šatavičiūtė Lijana.
Gintaro apdirbimo raida nuo seniausių laikų iki
XXI a. // Žemaičių žemė. Nr. 4 (41), Vilnius,